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Table of Contents
目录
Getting Support
技术支持
Quick Start Guide
快速上手
Editing Files with Nano
使用 Nano文本编辑器修改配置文件
Video Guides
视频教程
Mining Zcash
零币挖矿
Mining Monero
门罗币挖矿
Updating ethOS to the Latest Version
更新最新版本的ethOS
Updating Miners to Latest Versions
更新最新版本的挖矿程序
Writing ethOS to an 8gb+ USB 3.0 / HDD / SSD on Windows
烧录ethOS到8gb+ USB3.0/HDD/SSD硬盘(Windows操作系统)
Writing ethOS to an 8gb+ USB 3.0 / HDD / SSD on Linux (debian/ubuntu flavors)
烧录ethOS到8gb+ USB3.0/HDD/SSD硬盘(Linux操作系统,如debian/ubuntu)
Writing ethOS to an 8gb+ USB 3.0 / HDD / SSD or SSD on OS X
烧录ethOS到8gb+ USB3.0/HDD/SSD硬盘(Mac OSX操作系统)
Booting a Rig without a Power Button
不使用Power键启动矿机(译注:电源开关直接启停矿机)
Initial Setup (using a Keyboard and Monitor on ethOS)
初始安装(在ethOS上使用键盘和显示器)
Booting into ethOS
启动进入ethOS操作系统
Provisioning AMD boards
AMD主板相关问题
Provisioning Intel boards
Intel主板相关问题
Properly distributing riser power to avoid instability
给扩展卡分配电源以提高稳定性
Fixing Kernel Panic with 5+ GPUs on Intel Z170/X/270/X/H110
修复连接5块以上显卡时的内核错误(Intel Z170/X/270/X/H110 主板)
Fixing 290/390/470/480 boot problems with Intel boards
修复Intel主板上290/390/470/480显卡常见启动问题
Fixing ADL Error / Hardware Error
修复ADL错误/硬件错误
Robust Troubleshooting Guide for Motherboards and other Rig Components
故障排查指南:主板或其它组件
Using SSH to Login to ethOS from Windows
使用SSH连接到ethOS(Windows操作系统)
Forcing ethOS to keep local.conf changes after Reboots
重启后确保ethOS使用本地local.conf配置
Setting and Switching your Wallet and/or Pool
设置钱包地址/切换矿池
Changing or removing your Worker Name
变更/删除矿工名
Using a Pool that Requires Workers, Usernames, and Passwords (suprnova)
配置需要设置矿工、用户名和密码的矿池(如suprnova矿池)
Setting up your own Remote Config
设置远程配置文件
Using ConfigMaker.com for your Remote Config
使用 ConfigMaker.com 设置远程配置文件
Setting up a DigitalOcean Droplet for your Remote Server
使用 DigitalOcean Droplet 设置远程配置服务器
Setting a Static Internal IP for your ethOS Rig
为ethOS矿机设置静态IP地址
Overclocking
超频
Managing Temperature
GPU温度管理
Setting a custom Panel ID
自定义管理面板ID
Fixing Unexpected low Pool Hashrate
修复矿池算力异常低下
Autotrading Altcoins for Bitcoin
另类币自动兑换成比特币
Mining and Common Issues
关于挖矿的常见问题
Using TeamVIewer in ethOS
使用TeamVIewer进行远程控制

Getting Support

技术支持

There is no email or phone support for ethOS.
ethOS没有提供电子邮件和电话技术支持。

If you need help with ethOS, talk to us in IRC (#ethosdistro on Freenode).

寻求关于ethOS的帮助, 可以通过 IRC (#ethosdistro on Freenode).(译注: IRC互联网中继聊天)

Generating a Diagnostics File before joining #ethosdistro IRC Support
加入#ethosdistro IRC 支持之前,请生成诊断报告文件
  1. Wait for your rig to enter its crashed, broken, or non-working state.
  2. 当矿机崩溃、停止工作或发生其它故障时:
  3. Connect to IRC with the below guides.
  4. 按以下步骤连接IRC。
  5. Run gethelp in a terminal while connected to your rig, and copy/save the output link.
  6. 连接到矿机,并在终端运行 gethelp 命令, 将输出的诊断报告链接复制或保存。
  7. Paste the gethelp link in the support channel, describe the issue in your own words, include recent changes and any troubleshooting steps that you have done.
  8. 通过IRC技术支持在线提交诊断报告链接, 描述问题, 包括近期的变化情况以及你所做的故障排查步骤。
  9. Wait for a reply and talk in channel.
  10. 等待回复,然后通过IRC进行交谈
Joining #ethosdistro IRC Support from your Web Browser
通过web浏览器加入 #ethosdistro IRC Support
  1. On your regular PC or computer, visit https://webchat.freenode.net/?channels=ethosdistro.
  2. 在普通的PC或笔记本电脑上访问 https://webchat.freenode.net/?channels=ethosdistro.
  3. Enter a nickname for yourself.
  4. 输入你的昵称
  5. Do not change the "channels" field.
  6. 不要改变 "channels" 字段
  7. Do not checkmark "auth to services".
  8. 不要勾选 "auth to services".
  9. Checkmark "i'm not a robot".
  10. 勾选 "i'm not a robot".
  11. Click connect and wait up to 15 seconds to connect to the IRC channel.
  12. 点击“connect”,等待15秒左右即可连接到IRC channel。
Joining #ethosdistro IRC Support using your IRC Client
使用IRC 客户端加入#ethosdistro IRC Support

Channel: #ethosdistro
Server: irc.freenode.net
Port: 6667

通道: #ethosdistro
服务器地址: irc.freenode.net
端口: 6667

Joining #ethosdistro IRC Support from your local rig
使用本地矿机加入 #ethosdistro IRC Support
  1. Run ethoschat-local in your ethOS terminal.
    1. 在ethOS终端上运行 ethoschat-local 命令。
    2. Wait up to 15 seconds for your rig to join the IRC channel.
    3. 等待15秒后矿机即可加入IRC channel.
    4. ALT+TAB between the regular Terminal and the ethoschat Terminal.
    5. ALT+TAB 在普通终端和ethoschat终端之间切换
    6. To quit ethoschat, run /exit inside of the ethoschat Terminal and ALT+TAB to the regular Terminal.
    7. 关闭ethoschat: 在ethoschat终端运行 /exit ,然后 ALT+TAB 切换到普通终端。
    Joining #ethosdistro IRC Support from your remote rig via SSH
    从通过SSH链接的远程矿机上加入 #ethosdistro IRC Support
    1. Run ethoschat in your SSH session.
    2. 在SSH会话中运行 ethoschat
    3. Wait up to 15 seconds for your rig to join the IRC channel.
    4. 等待15秒后远程矿机即可加入IRC channel.
    5. To quit ethoschat, run /exit inside of your SSH session.
    6. 关闭ethoschat, 在SSH会话中运行 /exit

    Quick Start Guide

    快速上手

    1. Run helpme to get a list of commands, your stats panel link, and rig status.
    2. 运行 helpme命令,获取命令列表、状态面板链接和矿机状态。
    3. Force ethOS to keep local.conf changes after Reboots.
    4. 重启后确保ethOS使用本地local.conf配置.
    5. In /home/ethos/local.conf , change "0x0bdC4F12fB57d3acA9C3cF72B7AA2789A20d27f2" to your wallet (Editing Files with Nano).
    6. 在配置文件 /home/ethos/local.conf中, 找到 "0x0bdC4F12fB57d3acA9C3cF72B7AA2789A20d27f2" 并修改成你自己的钱包地址 (使用Nano文本编辑器修改配置文件).
    7. Change both user "ethos" and superuser "root" password with passwd ethos and sudo passwd to secure your rig.
    8. 修改 预置的2个用户 的密码, "ethos" 和 超级用户 "root" 。 使用passwd ethossudo passwd命令, 保护你的矿机不被远程控制。
    9. Reboot with r.
    10. 重启系统命令: r.
    11. NOTE: If you would like to reset all configs to their factory defaults, use reset-config.

      提示: 如果你想让所有的配置回到默认状态,可以使用以下命令恢复出厂设置: reset-config.

    ethOS is set to mine to the ethOS Ethereum pool. Check your mining statistics at http://ethosdistro.com/pool/

    ethOS默认设置的矿池为 ethOS Ethereum pool, 挖矿状态查看: http://ethosdistro.com/pool/


    Editing Files with Nano

    使用Nano文本编辑器修改配置文件

    NOTE: To retrieve your wallet address, you can email it to yourself, then open the browser with browser and retreive it from your email.

    提示: 将钱包地址复制到矿机的方法:发送一封包含钱包地址的email给你自己,然后通过 browser 命令打开浏览器,查看email,复制其中的钱包地址。

    Example usage for editing files with Nano:

    Nano 修改文件使用示例:

    1. Open a file with the nano text editor: nano /home/ethos/local.conf
    2. 使用nano文本编辑器打开文件: nano /home/ethos/local.conf
    3. Use the arrow keys on your keyboard to navigate around the text and delete the default wallet.
    4. 使用键盘上的方向键移动光标,在文本中找到默认钱包地址,并删除它。
    5. Paste your own wallet with CTRL+V.
    6. 粘贴你自己的钱包地址: CTRL+V.
    7. Type CTRL+X, y, then press the Enter Key on your keyboard.
    8. 保存修改: CTRL+X, y,然后按回车键退出。

    Video Guides

    视频教程


    Mining Zcash

    零币挖矿

    1. Update ethOS.
    2. 更新ethOS系统.
    3. Get started with the Quick Start Guide.
    4. 请先阅读快速上手,并按步骤操作。
    5. Set globalminer claymore-zcash or miner [worker] claymore-zcash in config.
    6. 在配置文件中设置: globalminer claymore-zcashminer [worker] claymore-zcash
    7. Set proxywallet to your zcash wallet.
    8. proxywallet 设置成你的零币钱包地址。
    9. Set proxypool1to your zcash pool (example pools: flypoolnanopool).
    10. proxypool1设置成你所加入的零币矿池 (如: flypoolnanopool).
    11. Optional: Set -i flag to set intensity: flags -i 3 OR flg [worker] -i 3
    12. If you experience crashing, revert to all stock clocks, check again, then revert to stock bios (flip GPU bios switch).

    Mining Monero

    门罗币挖矿

    1. Update ethOS.
    2. 更新ethOS到最新版本
    3. Get started with the Quick Start Guide.
    4. 请先阅读快速上手,并按步骤操作。
    5. Set globalminer sgminer-gm-xmr or miner [worker] sgminer-gm-xmr in config.
    6. 在配置文件中设置: globalminer sgminer-gm-xmrminer [worker] sgminer-gm-xmr
    7. Set proxywallet to your Monero wallet. NOTE: If mining to exchange, you need proxywallet wallet.paymentid
    8. 设置你的门罗币钱包地址: proxywallet提示: 如果挖出后即时交易, 需要设置: proxywallet wallet.paymentid (译注:不是很明白,稍后实践再加注解。)
    9. Set proxypool1 and proxypool2 to your Monero pools (both pools must be defined).
    10. 设置门罗币矿池地址: proxypool1 and proxypool2 (2个地址都是必填)。
    11. If you have 2GB GPUs, set rawintensity to a lower value in /home/ethos/sgminer-gm-xmr.stub.conf
    12. 如果你的显存只有2GB, 在 /home/ethos/sgminer-gm-xmr.stub.conf 中将rawintensity的值设置得稍低一点。
    13. If you experience crashing, revert to all stock clocks, check again, then revert to stock bios (flip GPU bios switch).
    14. If miner fails, remove both .WORKER from /home/ethos/sgminer-gm-xmr.stub.conf (some pools do not accept worker well).
    15. 如果挖矿程序运行异常,删除配置文件/home/ethos/sgminer-gm-xmr.stub.conf中的 .WORKER , (有些矿池不支持矿工设置)。

    Updating ethOS to the Latest Version

    升级ethOS系统到最新版本

    1. Read the changelog for very important major changes.
    2. 请先阅读 变更日志 ,了解重要和关键的升级变更点。
    3. Become physicaly local to your rigs. Do not update remotely.
    4. 请在 矿机本机上操作, 不要远程操作系统升级。
    5. Prior to updating, reboot your rig (a fresh rig is important for a successful update).
    6. 执行更新程序前, 重启矿机 ( 新启动的矿机环境有助于成功升级 )。
    7. Immediately after your rig boots successfully, run the update: sudo ethos-update && sleep 5 && r   (do not interrupt it)
      NOTE: slow USB 2.0 drives may have trouble updating.
    8. 矿机重启成功后立即 执行更新命令: sudo ethos-update && sleep 5 && r   (运行过程中请勿打断。)
      提示: USB 2.0 接口传输速度较慢,可能会导致升级过程不太顺利。建议使用USB 3.0 接口。
    9. After your rig updates, it will reboot. Watch your rig come up.
    10. 升级完成后,矿机会自动重启。 密切关注 系统启动过程。
    11. If your rig fails immediately after updating and rebooting, reupdate your rig: sudo ethos-update reupdate && sleep 5 && r
    12. 如果矿机升级和重启后挖矿程序运行出现异常执行以下命令重新升级:: sudo ethos-update reupdate && sleep 5 && r
    13. If reupdate fails, reimage to your supported Drive.
      NOTE: For login download credentials, search your email for "gpushack". Your username/pass are in the email purchase confirmation.
    14. 如果重新升级命令仍然失败, 可能需要重新烧录启动盘。.
      提示: 在你的email中搜索“gpushack”,找到购买确认的邮件,这里面有登录和下载ethOS软件所需要的用户名/密码。
    15. Reply to any gpuShack email if you bought ethOS and have trouble downloading it.
    16. 如果你购买了ethOS,在下载过程中遇到任何问题,都可以通过email向gpuShack反馈。

    Updating Miners to Latest Versions

    升级挖矿程序到最新版本

    1. Update ethOS.
    2. 升级ethOS到最新版本.
    3. Make sure your GPUs are not in a crashed state. It is best to proceed immediately after a reboot.
    4. 确保你的显卡运行正常,最好在系统重启后立即执行软件更新。
    5. Run: sudo update-miners && sudo service ethos-miner-monitor restart
    6. 运行: sudo update-miners && sudo service ethos-miner-monitor restart
    7. Search Google for your miner version to get configuration options that can be set in /home/ethos/*.stub.conf files
    8. 可以在Google上搜索你的挖矿软件版本对应的配置选项,并设置到 /home/ethos/*.stub.conf 配置文件中。

    You can check your current miner versions with cat /var/run/ethos/miner.versions

    查看当前运行的挖矿软件版本: cat /var/run/ethos/miner.versions

    The following miners are currently available to update:

    以下是可以升级的挖矿软件最新版本:

    NOTE: If you have many rigs, use the above as a guideline for your own distribution method.
    If any problem occurs and you would like to revert, run: ethos-update reupdate

    提示: 如果你有多台矿机,可以将以上步骤作为你自己的发布操作指导。
    If any problem occurs and you would like to revert, run: ethos-update reupdate


    Writing ethOS to an 8gb+ USB 3.0 / HDD / SSD on Windows

    烧录ethOS到8gb+ USB3.0/HDD/SSD硬盘(Windows操作系统)

    1. Download the ethOS file (the ethOS file is an archive that ends in .xz).
    2. 下载 ethOS安装文件(以.xz结尾的压缩文件)。
    3. Extract the downloaded archive with 7-zip, it will extract into approximately a 5.0gb image.
      NOTE: Do not use the native Windows unzip utility. If you use it, the downloaded archive will not extract properly, and will be corrupted.
    4. 解压 下载的安装文件(请使用7-zip), 产生大约5gb大小的镜像文件。
      提示: 不要使用Windows自带的解压缩工具,它无法正常解压ethOS安装文件。
    5. Do not mount the file. Use Raw Copy Tool (available at http://hddguru.com/software/HDD-Raw-Copy-Tool/ ).
    6. 不要挂载镜像文件。 请使用 Raw Copy Tool 软件(下载: http://hddguru.com/software/HDD-Raw-Copy-Tool/ )。
    7. Plug in your USB or SSD Drive. If using an SSD, plug in the destination SSD to the sata power cable first, then to the sata data cable. Do not use a USB 2.0 drive, it is too slow.
    8. 插上USB/SSD硬盘。如果使用SSD,先将SSD插上sata电源线,再插上sata数据线。不要使用USB2.0,这个太慢。(译注:可以使用sata/USB转接器直接插在电脑的USB口上。)
    9. Raw Copy Tool will recognize the drive and allow you to clone the ethOS .img onto the drive, sector for sector.
    10. Raw Copy Tool 可以识别出你插入的磁盘,并将ethOS镜像文件刻入磁盘。

    Writing ethOS to an 8gb+ USB 3.0 / HDD / SSD on Linux (debian/ubuntu flavors)

    烧录ethOS到8gb+ USB3.0/HDD/SSD硬盘(Linux操作系统,如debian/ubuntu)

    1. Download and uncompress the downloaded file with unxz /path/to/ethos.xz, it will extract into approximately a 5.0gb image.
    2. 下载并解压缩安装文件:unxz /path/to/ethos.xz, 产生大约5gb大小的镜像文件。
    3. Confirm the location of your source ethOS .img file:
      ls /path/to/ethos*.img
    4. 确认镜像文件(ethOS .img)的位置:
      ls /path/to/ethos*.img
    5. Plug in your USB or SSD Drive. If using an SSD, plug in the destination SSD to the sata power cable first, then to the sata data cable. Do not use a USB 2.0 drive, it is too slow.
    6. 插上USB/SSD硬盘。如果使用SSD,先将SSD插上sata电源线,再插上sata数据线。不要使用USB2.0,这个太慢。(译注:可以使用sata/USB转接器直接插在电脑的USB口上。)
    7. Confirm that your rig sees your destination drive. You should see the destination drive appear as /dev/sdX where X is your enumerated drive (i.e. /dev/sdb):
      dmesg | grep sd
      fdisk -l | grep sd
    8. 确认矿机发现了目标磁盘。目标磁盘看起来是 /dev/sdX 这个样子,其中X是磁盘的序号。(i.e. /dev/sdb):
      dmesg | grep sd
      fdisk -l | grep sd
    9. Confirm that your destination drive is correct with smartctl:
      apt-get -fy install smartmontools
      smartctl -i /dev/sdX (replace X with your enumeration)
    10. 使用 smartctl 工具确认磁盘状态:
      apt-get -fy install smartmontools
      smartctl -i /dev/sdX (使用实际序号替换X)
    11. Clone your source to your destination. VERY IMPORTANT, if you make a mistake and accidentally clone to a different drive, you will cause CATASTROPHIC DATA LOSS.
      apt-get -fy install gddrescue
      ddrescue --force -r2 /path/to/ethos.img /dev/sdX (replace X with your enumeration)
    12. 克隆镜像文件到目标磁盘。 警告: 如果意外将镜像克隆到错误的目标磁盘,会导致 一场灾难:数据完全丢失
      apt-get -fy install gddrescue
      ddrescue --force -r2 /path/to/ethos.img /dev/sdX (使用实际序号替换X)
    13. Watch the progress. ddrescue should finish with no errors. After it is done, it is safe to shutdown and power off your rig. The ethOS drive is now ready for use.
    14. 观察刻录进度,ddrescue 运行结束时没有错误输出就对了。之后就可以关闭电脑了,ethOS启动盘已经制作完成了。

    Writing ethOS to an 8gb+ USB 3.0 / HDD / SSD or SSD on OS X

    烧录ethOS到8gb+ USB3.0/HDD/SSD硬盘(Mac OSX操作系统)

    1. Plug in your destination USB Drive. If using an SSD Drive, use a USB to SATA adapter. Do not use a USB 2.0 drive, it is too slow.
    2. 插入目标U盘。如果使用SSD磁盘,需要使用USB转SATA适配器。不要用USB2.0,这个太慢。
    3. Open "Disk Utility" (Spotlight -> search for "Disk Utility") and select your external Drive from the left sidebar, then click "Info" at the top.
    4. 打开 "Disk Utility" (Spotlight -> 搜索 "Disk Utility") ,在左侧菜单栏选择外部磁盘。
    5. Note the device IDENTIFIER of the destination drive (it could be something like disk2 or disk3, it may vary).
      IMPORTANT: Selecting the wrong IDENTIFIER will cause catastrophic data loss.
    6. 注意磁盘的 IDENTIFIER (类似 disk2、disk3这样,也可能是别的序列形式。).
      警告: 选择错误的 IDENTIFIER 将导致灾难性的数据丢失。
    7. Select your destination drive and click "Unmount" at the top.
    8. 选择目标磁盘,点击上部的 "Unmount"(卸载) 。
    9. Download ethOS (.xz file)
    10. 下载 ethOS安装文件 (.xz 扩展名)
    11. Open Terminal (Spotlight -> search for Terminal)
    12. 打开终端 (Control+空格,Spotlight -> 搜索 Terminal)
    13. Type gunzip (note the space), then drag/drop the downloaded .xz file next to the space after gunzip
      NOTE: Full command looks like gunzip /Users/YOURUSERNAME/Desktop/ethos-*.xz
    14. 输入 gunzip (后面有空格), 然后拖动 .xz 文件到终端窗口到gunzip 的空格后面。
      提示: 完整命令示例: gunzip /Users/YOURUSERNAME/Desktop/ethos-*.xz
    15. Press the Enter key and wait for the extraction to complete.
    16. 按下回车键,等解压完成。
    17. Type sudo dd if= (no space after =), then drag/drop the extracted .img file after sudo dd if=, then finish typing of=/dev/rIDENTIFIER bs=1m
      NOTE: Full command looks like sudo dd if=/Users/YOURUSERNAME/Desktop/ethos-*.img of=/dev/rIDENTIFIER bs=1m (note the r)
    18. 输入 sudo dd if= (=的后面没有空格), 然后拖动 .img 文件到 sudo dd if=后面, 继续输入 of=/dev/rIDENTIFIER bs=1m
      提示: 完整命令示例:sudo dd if=/Users/YOURUSERNAME/Desktop/ethos-*.img of=/dev/rIDENTIFIER bs=1m (注意 IDENTIFIER 前面的 r)
    19. Press the Enter key and wait for the disk imaging process to complete.
    20. 按下回车键,等待磁盘烧录完成。
    21. When the process completes, you might get message alert saying that the drive is not readable. Eject the drive at this point.
    22. 烧录完成时,有一条弹出消息说磁盘无法读取。没关系,这时候推出磁盘即可。
    23. The ethOS drive is now ready for use.
    24. 现在ethOS启动盘可以用了。

    Booting a Rig without a Power Button

    不使用Power键启动矿机

    Rigs do not need a power button. After this guide, you can use the I/O switch on the PSU to power the rig on and off.

    矿机不需要开关按键来启动。下面介绍如何使用电源的I/O开关来启停矿机。

    1. Build your rig as if you were building a bench-test computer. Use the motherboard manual if necessary, and connect all components.
    2. 首先,像组装普通台式电脑一样组装矿机,查看主板说明书,组装CUP/内存等部件。
    3. Make sure your PSU is plugged in, and that the PSU switch is set to the ON position.
    4. 插上电源插座,开启电源开关。
    5. Plug in the RAM to the RAM slot(s) that are furthest away from the motherboard CPU socket (to avoid dual-channel RAM power cycling).
    6. 把内存插在离CPU底座最远的插口上。(防止 dual-channel RAM power cycling)
    7. Boot your motherboard by shorting the power pins with a small metal tool (screwdriver).
    8. 用一个小的金属物体(螺丝刀)连接主板的电源开关引脚
    9. Upon boot, go into the motherboard bios and set BOOT ON POWER to ENABLE or AC BACK ON (consult your manual).
    10. 启动时进入主板bios设置界面,把 BOOT ON POWER 设置成 ENABLE,或设置 AC BACK ON (根据主板说明书的指示)。
    11. Save your settings, and exit.
    12. 保存设置,退出bois设置程序。

    Initial Setup (using a Keyboard and Monitor on ethOS)

    首次安装运行(使用键盘和显示器)

    During initial setup, you can connect a keyboard and monitor to your rig to watch it boot up.

    刚开始安装运行时,可以接上键盘和显示器观察矿机启动过程。

    1. Without using a riser, attach a GPU to the gpu0 PCI-E slot on your motherboard. (ignore all 1x slots, the gpu0 PCI-E slot in always the LONGEST 16x PCI-E slot that is physically closest to your motherboard's CPU socket).
    2. 不使用PCI转接卡,把显卡直接插在主板的gpu0 PCI-E槽上。(PCI-E插槽中最长的是16x插槽,如果主板上有多个16X槽,离CPU底座最近的那个就是gpu0 PCI-E槽)。(译注:gpu0即第一张显卡,下同)
    3. Attach your PSU 6/6+2 PCI-E power cable pins to the GPU PCI-E power cable jacks (located on the back of the GPU).
    4. 把电源的 6/6+2 PCI-E 插口线接插到GPU PCI-E 电源插座上 (GPU电源插口通常在显卡的上部,金手指在底部)。
    5. Attach a monitor to the left-most DVI port of gpu0. If you incorrectly connect your monitor to another GPU or to onboard video, you will get a blank display.
    6. 把显示器接到gpu0显卡的最左边的DVI端口上。如果插错位置,插到别的显卡或主板视频端口上,显示器不会显示任何内容。
    7. If your rig POSTs, you will see a GPU detection screen during bootup. If your rig does not POST, power off. Check to make sure the CPU, CPU cable, and 24-pin ATX cable are seated properly. Then, test each stick of RAM individually in each RAM slot.
    8. 如果开机自检通过,屏幕上会显示检测到显卡。如果开机自检失败,你需要关机,然后检查 CPU, CPU 电源线以及24-pin ATX 主板电源线 是否都插好了。最后,再逐个排查每个内存条是否正常
    9. ethOS will boot to the desktop automatically. After your rig boots successfully, all interaction with ethOS is done via the terminal screen.
    10. ethOS系统启动后会自动显示桌面。如果矿机正常启动,后面就可以通过终端进行所有的操作。

    If fewer GPUs show up here than are connected to your rig, check all connections and reboot, If some GPUs are still missing, it is a hardware, riser, or motherboard bios problem, not a software problem. No linux command will fix this.

    如果有插到主板上的显卡没有在屏幕上显示出来,可能是硬件转接卡或者主板 bios 的问题, 不是软件问题。 无法通过Linux命令来修复


    Booting into ethOS

    启动进入ethOS操作系统

    1. Remove all non-ethOS drives from your rig.
    2. 把其它磁盘都拔掉。
    3. Plug the ethOS drive to your rig. If using an SSD, plug in the SSD to the sata power cable first, then to the sata data cable.
    4. 插上烧录的ethOS磁盘。如果使用SSD磁盘,先插电源线,后插数据线。
    5. Boot the rig.
    6. 启动矿机。
    7. The rig will boot to the ethOS desktop, and the fans will ramp up. The fan ramp-up is normal and is not indicative of a crash.
    8. 矿机启动进入ethOS桌面,所有风扇正常转动。风扇转动没有明显异常。

    NOTE! If your rig fails to boot due to "initramfs" error, EFI Shell, or boots directly to BIOS, proceed with the below guides:

    提示! 如果启动出现 "initramfs" 错误, 或进入 EFI Shell 界面, 或者直接进入 BIOS 界面, 按以下步骤排查:

    For USB Drives

    U盘:

    1. Power off your rig.
    2. 关机。
    3. Plug in your USB drive into one of the USB ports in the same IO panel/hub as the Ethernet Port, or into any USB 2.0 Port.
    4. 把U盘插到USB端口 和网卡端口最近的那个USB口, 或者任意一个 USB 2.0 端口
    5. If ethOS does not boot and shows efi_main() failed, change motherboard BIOS boot order from:
      UEFI: usb : (NAME OF DRIVE) to USB: (NAME OF DRIVE), i.e. change from USBU to USB.
    6. 如果ethOS显示 efi_main() failed, 修改主板 BIOS boot 顺序 :
      UEFI: usb : (NAME OF DRIVE) => USB: (NAME OF DRIVE)
      示例:USBU => USB。(译注:不是很明白。)

    For SSD Drives

    SSD固态硬盘

    1. Power off your rig.
    2. 关闭电源。
    3. Try a few different SATA ports on your motherboard, some may be disabled in BIOS.
    4. 试着换一个主板SATA端口,有可能某些端口被BIOS设置成无效了。
    5. Try a different SATA power connection, it may not be seated properly.
    6. 再试着换一个SATA电源插口,有可能电源插口没插好。
    7. Try a different SATA data cable, it may be faulty.
    8. 换一根数据线试试,有可能这根数据线是坏的。

    If the issue is not resolved, reimage the drive from the ethOS download link to your current drive, or a spare drive.

    如果还是不能解决问题, 重新下载ethOS烧录启动盘 到当前磁盘或一张空白磁盘。

    If your rig fails to boot due to "Kernel Panic", reseat and test all RAM. Make sure that your rig detects at least 4gb of RAM. If the issue persists, continue with the below guides:

    如果启动时显示 "Kernel Panic"(内核错误), 重新检查一下内存是否插好了。 确保矿机能够检测到至少4GB内存, 如果问题仍然存在,继续以下步骤:


    Provisioning AMD boards

    AMD 主板

    If you have an AMD board and have network connectivity issues or are unable to successfully boot with multiple GPUs, follow the below guide:

    如果AMD主板遇到网络连接问题以及多显卡不能正常启动问题,请参考以下步骤:

    1. If you have many GPUs, make sure that no GPU is plugged in directly to any 16x slot. Risers must be used for all GPUs.
    2. 确保没有显卡直接插在16x插槽上,所有的显卡都需要使用转接器连接。
    3. Unplug all GPUs except for gpu0 (ignore all 1x slots, gpu0 is always the 16x PCI-E slot physically closest to your motherboard's CPU socket).
    4. 拔掉所有的显卡,只保留gpu0即离CPU底座最近的那个16x插槽。
    5. If your motherboard has molex or PCI-E onboard power jacks, make sure to plug the correct cable into them.
    6. 如果主板上有molex供电接口(D形4针供电公头)或板载PCI-E电源插座,确保电源线没有插错。
    7. Follow the guide for Initial Setup.
    8. 参考一下 首次安装运行
    9. Upon boot, go into the motherboard bios and set the following options (set as many of these options as you can find):
    10. 启动时进入主板bios,设置以下选项 (尽可能把下面的选项都设置到):
      • set IOMMU to ENABLE.
      • IOMMU 设置成 ENABLE。
      • set VIRTUALIZATION (C1E) to DISABLE.
      • VIRTUALIZATION (C1E) 设置成 DISABLE。
      • set POWER CONTROL (SVM) to DISABLE.
      • POWER CONTROL (SVM) 设置成 DISABLE。
      • set CPU UNLOCK to ENABLE (this may prevent CPU temp from being read properly).
      • CPU UNLOCK 设置成 ENABLE (可能会导致CPU温度不能被正确读取)。
      • set COOL AND QUIET to DISABLE.
      • COOL AND QUIET 设置成 DISABLE。
      • set CPU CORE CONTROL equal to the amount of CORES PER PROCESSOR for your particular CPU make/model.
      • set CPU CORE CONTROL equal to the amount of CORES PER PROCESSOR for your particular CPU make/model.(译注:不是很明白)
      • set ONBOARD AUDIO/SOUND (AZALIA) to DISABLE.
      • ONBOARD AUDIO/SOUND (AZALIA) 设置成 DISABLE。
      • set IEEE1394 to DISABLE.
      • IEEE1394 设置成 DISABLE。
      • set APU ONBOARD GRAPHICS to DISABLE.
      • APU ONBOARD GRAPHICS 设置成 DISABLE。
    11. Save changes and reboot.
    12. 保存变更,重启。
    13. Allow rig to boot completely with just one GPU, then update ethOS.
    14. 让矿机在只有一个显卡的情况下启动,然后更新ethOS系统
    15. After update, reboot, connect the rest of the GPUs.
    16. 更新后,重启,然后在接上其它显卡。

    Provisioning Intel boards

    Intel 主板

    If you have an Intel board and have network connectivity issues or are unable to successfully boot with multiple GPUs, follow the below guide:

    如果Intel主板遇到网络连接问题以及多显卡不能正常启动问题,请参考以下步骤:

    1. If you have many GPUs, make sure that no GPU is plugged in directly to any 16x slot. Risers must be used for all GPUs.
    2. 确保没有显卡直接插在16x插槽上,所有的显卡都需要使用转接器连接。
    3. Unplug all GPUs except for gpu0 (ignore all 1x slots, gpu0 is always the 16x PCI-E slot physically closest to your motherboard's CPU socket).
    4. 拔掉所有的显卡,只保留gpu0即离CPU底座最近的那个16x插槽。
    5. If your motherboard has molex or PCI-E onboard power jacks, make sure to plug the correct cable into them.
    6. 如果主板上有molex供电接口(D形4针供电公头)或板载PCI-E电源插座,确保电源线没有插错。
    7. Follow the guide for Initial Setup.
    8. 参考一下 首次安装运行
    9. Upon boot, go into the motherboard bios and set the following options (set as many of these options as you can find):
    10. 启动时进入主板bios,设置以下选项 (尽可能把下面的选项都设置到):
      • set VTd INTEL VIRTUALIZATION to DISABLE.
      • VTd INTEL VIRTUALIZATION 设置成 DISABLE.
      • set ONBOARD AUDIO/SOUND (AZALIA) to DISABLE.
      • ONBOARD AUDIO/SOUND (AZALIA) 设置成 DISABLE.
      • set IEEE1394 to DISABLE.
      • IEEE1394 设置成 DISABLE.
      • set PCI-E SUBSYSTEM/LANES to x8/x4/x4
      • PCI-E SUBSYSTEM/LANES 设置成 x8/x4/x4
      • set ONBOARD GRAPHICS to DISABLE.
      • ONBOARD GRAPHICS 设置成 DISABLE.
      • set PCI-E GENERATION to GEN2.
      • PCI-E GENERATION 设置成 GEN2.
    11. Save changes and reboot.
    12. 保存修改,重启。
    13. Allow rig to boot completely with just one GPU, then update ethOS.
    14. 让矿机在只有一个显卡的情况下启动,然后更新ethOS系统
    15. After update, reboot, connect the rest of the GPUs.
    16. 更新后,重启,然后在接上其它显卡。

    Properly distributing riser power to avoid instability

    给扩展卡分配电源以提高稳定性

    GPUs use a lot of power, and risers must have power balanced properly. Rigs will crash and may never start mining if they are not balanced.

    显卡需要很多电力,扩展卡也需要适当分配电力。否则矿机可能会崩溃。


    Fixing Kernel Panic with 5+ GPUs on Intel Z170/x/270/x/H110

    修复连接5块以上显卡时的内核错误(Intel Z170/X/270/X/H110 主板)

    Follow the below guide if you have an Intel Z170/X/270/X/H110 motherboard and you experience problems booting with 5+ GPUs.

    如果你的Intel Z170/X/270/X/H110 主板挂载5块以上显卡时出现问题,请参考以下步骤:

    1. Unplug all GPUs except one, and boot.
    2. 只保留一张显卡,启动。
    3. If and only if you have an ethOS version under 1.2.2:
    4. 当且仅当 ethOS版本号小于1.2.2时:
      • Update ethOS.
      • 升级ethOS系统.
      • IMPORTANT: After updating and rebooting, wait for the ethOS desktop to display.
      • 重要: 升级并重启后,耐心等待屏幕显示ethOS桌面。
    5. Once you are on the latest version of ethOS, run lga1151-flasher. After it says Successfully Installed Bios, power off your rig.
    6. 一旦升级到了最新版本的ethOS, 运行 lga1151-flasher。看到输出显示Successfully Installed Bios时,关闭矿机。
    7. Plug in all GPUs and boot into ethOS.
    8. 显卡都插上,启动进入ethOS系统。

    For Unsupported Motherboards

    ethOS不支持你的主板

    1. If the script returns No Bios Found, the ethOS support team will be notified automatically.
    2. 如果脚本运行结果显示 No Bios Found, ethOS支持团队将会自动收到通知。
    3. Wait up to 24 hours for ethOS support team to add support for your Motherboard.
    4. ethOS支持团队将在24小时内增加对你的主板的支持。
    5. Try to run lga1151-flasher again to resolve the issue.
    6. 再次运行lga1151-flasher 看问题能否解决。

    If you have a motherboard that is not supported by lga1151-flasher, you can also update your motherboard BIOS version to the latest manufacturer firmware manually, yourself.

    如果命令 lga1151-flasher不支持你的主板, 你可以自己手动升级主板的BIOS到最新版本。

    Common BIOS Options for fixing Kernel Panic with 5+ GPUs

    修复5+GPUS内核错误的常用BIOS选项

    MSI Motherboards
    MSI 主板
    For ALL GPUs
    以下针对所有GPUs
    For RX Series GPUs (in addition to ALL GPUs section)
    以下针对 RX Series GPUs (作为以上ALL GPUs 内容的补充)
    For HD and R9 Series GPUs (in addition to ALL GPUs section)
    针对 HD 和 R9 Series GPUs (作为以上ALL GPUs 内容的补充)
    ASUS Motherboards
    ASUS 主板
    ASROCK Motherboards
    ASROCK 主板

    Fixing 290/390/470/480 boot problems with Intel Boards

    修复Intel主板上290/390/470/480显卡常见启动问题

    If you are running this GPU on an Intel motherboard, you may experience boot problems in certain cases. Please see the guide below:

    如果你的这些显卡运行在Intel架构主板上,在特定情况下可能会遇到启动问题。请参考以下步骤:

    NOTE: If you use onboard video, POST will occur on onboard video, and the ethOS desktop will be displayed on gpu0.

    提示: 如果使用板载视频输出,系统自检程序将发生在板载显卡上,而ethOS桌面显示的仍然是gpu0的内容。


    Fixing ADL Error / Hardware Error

    修复ADL错误/硬件错误

    The following fatal errors will prevent mining if your GPU, RISER, or other HARDWARE experience a failure.

    显卡、转接卡或其它硬件如果发生一下致命错误,挖矿程序就不能工作了。

    This hardware error cannot be fixed with software. Follow the procedure below to determine which hardware is causing the failure.

    这些硬件错误无法通过软件来修复。以下步骤可以帮助你判断是哪个硬件导致的错误。


    Robust Troubleshooting Guide for Motherboards and other Rig Components

    主板/组件故障排查方法

    Example: You suspect that your motherboard is faulty.

    例如:你怀疑主板有问题。

    Follow the below robust troubleshooting procedure step-by-step and do not skip any steps. Failure to follow this guide when asked by ethOS or gpuShack staff (as part of RMA procedure) will result in a voided warranty, as described in the gpuShack Warranty Agreement.

    严格按照以下排查方法操作,不要省略任何步骤。否则将不能享受质保。参考 gpuShack Warranty Agreement.

    This robust troubleshooting procedure is useful because it isolates the issue to your suspect component. Otherwise, the issue could be a power balance issue, riser problem, loose cabling, bad power socket, bad PSU, etc.

    这个排查方法的好处在于它能够定位到究竟是哪个部件的问题。否则,判断不出问题所在,需要检查电源分配、转接卡、电线、插口的各种可能的潜在问题。

    Remove the motherboard from power and disconnect it from your rig. Then, remove the CMOS battery for 10 minutes. After that, plug the CMOS battery back in and follow these guides: Booting a Rig without a Power Button and Initial Setup. If the issue is unresolved, proceed with the below guides:

    拔掉主板电源,并且拆除主板。取下CMOS纽扣电池,10分钟后再装上。执行以下步骤: 免power键启动矿机 and 首次安装运行。 如果问题还没解决,继续以下步骤:

    IF YOU SUSPECT THAT YOUR MOTHERBOARD IS FAULTY, DO NOT SWAP IN OTHER COMPONENTS INTO THE NON-WORKING RIG IN THE HOPES THAT IT WILL WORK, SWAP YOUR MOTHERBOARD INTO ANOTHER WORKING RIG!

    如果你怀疑主板有问题,那么就不要把别的部件替换到这台不正常的机子上,来观察他能否工作。而是应该替换 这个主板 到一台正常工作的机子上!

    1. Find a working rig.
    2. 找一台正常工作的矿机。
    3. Power off the working rig.
    4. 关闭这台矿机。
    5. Remove the suspect/"faulty" motherboard from your suspect/"faulty" rig.
    6. 把这块怀疑是坏的主板,从不工作的矿机上取下来。
    7. Remove only the working motherboard from your working rig, and keep the rest of the components there.
    8. 从好的矿机上取下好的主板,其它部件保留。
    9. Swap in the suspect/"faulty" motherboard into the working rig, where the previous working motherboard used to be.
    10. 把那个坏的主板按原样装到好的矿机上。
    11. Test the working rig and suspect motherboard by following these guides: Booting a Rig without a Power Button and Initial Setup.
    12. 测试以下这台新搭配的矿机: 免power键启动首次安装运行.

    If the issue is resolved, then the issue is not with the motherboard. You can do this process for any component that you suspect is faulty.

    如果运行正常,说明这个“坏”的主板是没问题的,可以排除。继续对其它部件重复这种排查。


    Using SSH to Login to ethOS from Windows

    使用SSH连接到ethOS(Windows操作系统)

    1. Connect your computer to the same network as your rigs.
    2. windows电脑需要和矿机在同一个网络。
    3. Download Putty from http://the.earth.li/~sgtatham/putty/latest/x86/putty.exe.
      Putty is an executable that can be run without installing.
    4. 下载Putty软件: http://the.earth.li/~sgtatham/putty/latest/x86/putty.exe.
      Putty是一个免安装的绿色软件。
    5. Find the IP of your rig.
      You can find your rig's IP on your ethosdistro.com stats panel, on your rig's desktop, or on your router's DHCP client table.
    6. 查看矿机的IP地址。
      可以通过桌面上的ethos状态统计面板(主界面左上角)上查看IP地址, 或者通过路由器的DHCP客户端列表查看。
    7. Open Putty and input Rig Information.
      Type the rig's IP into Host Name. Port should be 22. Click Open.
    8. 打开Putty,输入矿机信息。
      Host Name中输入矿机IP, Port中输入22。 点击 Open
    9. Login to ethOS.
      When the terminal window shows up, login with username ethos, password live.
    10. 登录ethOS.
      屏幕显示终端窗口, 输入 username ethos, password live
    11. Begin using Linux.
      Type helpme and press ENTER to get started.
    12. 开始使用Linux。
      输入 helpme 按回车查看帮助。

    Pasting Text: In Windows, CTRL+C to copy text. In putty, SHIFT+INSERT to paste it.

    粘贴文本: Windows下按 CTRL+C 复制, 在putty窗口中按 SHIFT+INSERT 粘贴。

    To SSH remotely:

    使用SSH远程登录

    1. Change the root and ethos passwords. NOTE: Failure to change passwords will allow people to hack your ethOS (high rx/tx).
    2. 修改 rootethos 用户的密码。 提示: 不修改密码会导致ethos很容易被入侵。
    3. Set up SSH portforwarding on your router using the below guides:
    4. 在你的路由器上设置SSH端口映射。 以下网页供参考。

    You can also set up a dedicated VPN box on your rigs' network, and connect to it using your favorite VPN software.

    你也可以设置一个为矿机所在网络设置一个VPN,再使用VPN工具连接上去。


    Force ethOS to keep local.conf changes after Reboots

    重启后确保ethOS使用本地local.conf配置

    ethOS comes pre-installed with a sample remote config.

    ethOS预装了一个示范性的远程配置文件。

    It is highly recommended that you use your own remote config. If you don't want to use the remote config feature, you can turn it off with force-local

    强烈建议 使用你自己的 远程配置. 如果不想使用远程配置,可以使用这个命令关闭远程配置功能: force-local

    ethOS will over-write the contents of /home/ethos/local.conf if the remote config feature remains on.

    如果远程配置功能没有关闭,ethOS会使用远程配置内容覆盖本地配置文件/home/ethos/local.conf。(译注:本人就因为无视这点而付出过代价。)

    You can also blank out /home/ethos/remote.conf to turn off the remote config feature.

    你也可以通过删除这个文件/home/ethos/remote.conf 的所有内容来关闭远程配置功能。


    Setting and Switching your Wallet and/or Pool

    设置钱包地址/切换矿池

    Note: If you have just one rig, set ethOS to single-rig mode before following this guide.

    提示: 如果你只有一台矿机, 先按照 单机本地配置模式 配置ethOS,再按以下步骤操作:

    1. Edit either your remotely hosted config file, or /home/ethos/local.conf (single-rig mode).
    2. 修改远程主机上的配置文件,或者本地配置文件 /home/ethos/local.conf (单机本地配置模式)。
    3. Define your wallet and pools by replacing the default ones for proxywallet, proxypool1, proxypool2
    4. 修改以下三个变量来设置钱包地址和矿池地址。 proxywallet, proxypool1, proxypool2
    5. After you change the config, run putconf && minestop, the miner will stop, and then start up automatically with your new settings.
    6. 配置文件修改保存后, 运行 putconf && minestop, 挖矿程序会停止,然后使用新的配置重新开始。
    7. Use show miner to watch the miner log.
    8. 使用 show miner 命令查看挖矿日志。
    9. After your wallet is switched, in 5-10 minutes, your pool should show mining activity. You can copy and paste your wallet to the pool website interface in order to check for mining activity.
    10. 钱包地址切换后, 大约经过5到10分钟,你的矿池就会显示你的挖矿活动。 你可以复制钱包地址到矿池网站的相关页面查看挖矿状况。

    Changing or removing your Worker Name

    修改/删除矿工名

    To switch your worker name and assign a rack location, follow the below guide.

    按照下面的步骤修改矿工名:

    1. In your config, set loc [worker] newname ([worker] is your original 6-digit rigname and "newname" is your new rig name).
    2. 在配置文件中设置loc [worker] newname ([worker] 是系统初始分配的6位字符矿机名称,“newname”是需要设置的新的矿机/工名称。
    3. Do not add a newname to your wallet like wallet.newname, this will not work.
    4. 不要这样设置矿工名:wallet.newname,不好使。
    5. Do not use very long newname. The maximum length is 8 characters.
    6. 矿工名称不要设置得太长,最大长度是8个字符。(译注:本人设置了12个字符,貌似没问题。)
    7. Do not use the same newname for multiple rigs.
    8. 不要给多台矿机设置相同的矿工名。
    9. Reboot your rig.
    10. 重启机器。

    After this procedure, your pool will see your new worker name, and your rig will have a new rack location assigned on the ethosdistro.com panel.

    重启后,矿池里就能看到新的矿工名了。而且在你本地的机器屏幕状态面板上也会显示新的矿工名。

    Some pools do not support worker names. If you would like to remove your worker name, add globalname disabled or name [worker] disabled to your config.

    有些矿池不支持矿工名设置。 如果要删除矿工名, 在配置文件中设置 globalname disabledname [worker] disabled


    Using a Pool that Requires Workers, Usernames, and Passwords (suprnova)

    配置需要设置矿工、用户名和密码的矿池(如suprnova矿池)

    Some pools (suprnova) require usernames, passwords, and workers. Follow this guide for configuring ethOS to work on these pools:

    有些矿池 (如suprnova) 需要设置用户名、密码和矿工名。按以下步骤配置:

    1. Find your worker name for each rig. ethOS assigns a 6-digit alphanumeric code (worker name) for each rig.
      You can find out your worker name by looking at the ethosdistro.com stats panel, rig desktop, or ssh terminal.
    2. 查看你的矿机的矿工名。ethOS为每台矿机初始设置了6位英数字的名字。通过ethosdistro.com状态面板/桌面/ssh终端可以看到。
    3. Login to the pool website. On the pool website, add a worker for each ethOS rig/worker that you have, use password "x".
      Note: If you use the loc parameter in your config, your worker name will be the loc that you specified.
    4. 登录到矿池网站,给每个ethOS矿机添加一个矿工名,方便起见密码设置为"x"。
      提示: 如果通过 loc 参数设置了矿机名, 那么矿工名就是loc 参数指定那个。
    5. In your config, set proxywallet username where username is your actual pool-side user name that you use to login.
    6. 在配置文件中设置 proxywallet username ,其中username就是矿池网站那边用来登录的用户名。
    7. After you change the config, run putconf && minestop, the miner will stop, and then start up automatically with your new settings.
    8. 配置文件修改后,运行 putconf && minestop, 挖矿程序会停止,然后应用新的配置自动启动。

    Setting up your own Remote Config

    设置远程配置文件

    1. Copy http://ethosdistro.com/pool.txt and host it yourself on a remote server, vps, or shared hosting account that you control.
    2. 复制 http://ethosdistro.com/pool.txt的内容,并上传到你自己的远程服务器/虚拟主机/托管服务器上。
    3. Get the link to your remote config like http://your-server.com/config.txt.
      NOTE: The link http://your-server.com/config.txt is an example. You must use your own link.
    4. 确认远程配置文件的访问地址,类似这种形式:http://your-server.com/config.txt
      提示: 这个链接 http://your-server.com/config.txt 只是一个示例,请修改成实际的链接。
    5. Import your remote config: echo -n "http://your-server.com/config.txt" > /home/ethos/remote.conf
    6. 使用命令导入远程配置: echo -n "http://your-server.com/config.txt" > /home/ethos/remote.conf
    7. Make changes to your remotely hosted config, and reboot your rig to have them take effect.
    8. 修改远程服务器上的配置文件内容,重启矿机后即可生效。

    After you set up your remote config, you can manage all your rigs via your remote config file, even remotely reboot them. More detailed configuration documentation is available at http://ethosdistro.com/pool.txt

    设置好远程配置文件后,就可以通过它来管理所有的矿机,甚至远程重启矿机。 详细说明请参考:http://ethosdistro.com/pool.txt


    Using ConfigMaker.com for your Remote Config

    使用 ConfigMaker.com 设置远程配置文件

    1. Copy your config from /home/ethos/local.conf or from http://ethosdistro.com/pool.txt to the Text Editor at ConfigMaker.com
    2. 从本地配置文件 /home/ethos/local.conf 或示例配置文件 http://ethosdistro.com/pool.txt 复制内容到 ConfigMaker.com网页上的文本编辑其中。
    3. Edit the config to suit your preferences and press 'Save Changes'.
    4. 按实际需要修改内容,点击 'Save Changes' 按钮保存。
    5. Bookmark your private text editor.
    6. 收藏这个编辑器网址。
    7. Import your remote config to your ethOS rig: echo -n "https://configmaker.com/my/VeryNiceCleanConfig.txt" > /home/ethos/remote.conf
      NOTE: The link https://configmaker.com/my/VeryNiceCleanConfig.txt is an example. You must use your own link.
    8. 远程配置文件地址导入到ethOS: echo -n "https://configmaker.com/my/VeryNiceCleanConfig.txt" > /home/ethos/remote.conf
      提示: 链接 https://configmaker.com/my/VeryNiceCleanConfig.txt 只是 示例, 用configMakeer网页上给出的链接替换它。
    9. Make changes to your ConfigMaker.com config, and reboot your rig to have them take effect.
    10. 修改好 ConfigMaker.com 上的配置后, 重启矿机即可生效。

    Setting up a DigitalOcean Droplet for your Remote Server

    使用 DigitalOcean Droplet 设置远程配置服务器

    If you do not have a remote server, you can use DigitalOcean.

    如果你没有远程服务器,可以使用 DigitalOcean.

    1. Go to DigitalOcean (follow this link to get 2 months free), create an account, then click on "Create Droplet".
    2. 打开DigitalOcean (这个链接可以得到2个月的免费试用), 创建账号, 然后点击 "Create Droplet"。
    3. Click on "One-Click Apps".
    4. 点击 "One-Click Apps"。
    5. Select "LAMP on 14.04", $5/mo, and the datacenter closest to your physical location.
    6. 选择 "LAMP on 14.04", $5/mo, 离你所在城市最近的数据中心。
    7. After the droplet is created, follow the SSH guide to SSH to your DigitalOcean droplet.
    8. droplet 创建后, 参考 SSH guide 使用SSH连接到DigitalOcean droplet。
    9. Descend into the world-readable html directory with cd /var/www/html
    10. 进入网站目录: cd /var/www/html
    11. Copy the sample config to your DigitalOcean Droplet with wget http://ethosdistro.com/pool.txt
    12. 复制配置内容到 DigitalOcean Droplet,使用命令:wget http://ethosdistro.com/pool.txt
    13. Make changes to your remotely hosted config on your DigitalOcean droplet with nano /var/www/html/pool.txt
    14. 修改DigitalOcean droplet 上的配置文件,使用命令: nano /var/www/html/pool.txt
    15. The link to your remotely hosted config is now http://[your-digital-ocean-ip-address]/pool.txt
    16. 远程配置文件的访问链接: http://[your-digital-ocean-ip-address]/pool.txt
    17. To use your remote config, see: Setting up your own remote config.
    18. 如何使用远程配置请参考: 设置远程配置文件.

    Setting a Static Internal IP for your ethOS Rig

    为ethOS矿机设置静态IP地址

    In some cases, you may want to assign a static IP to your ethOS rig. It is recommended to assign static IPs based on mac addresses on your router. However, you can also set a static IP on linux itself:

    有些情况下你可能需要给矿机指定一个静态IP地址。比较好的方法是在路由器上通过机器的mac地址来分批IP地址,不过也可以在linux上设置:

    1. Make changes to your interfaces using this as a guide.
      in /etc/network/interfaces change:
      auto eth0
      iface eth0 inet dhcp
      to:
      auto eth0
      iface eth0 inet static
         address 192.168.0.201
         netmask 255.255.255.0
         network 192.168.0.0
         gateway 192.168.0.1
         dns-nameservers 8.8.8.8
      
    2. 按如下方法修改 interfaces 文件:
      位置:/etc/network/interfaces 修改前:
      auto eth0
      iface eth0 inet dhcp
      修改后:
      auto eth0
      iface eth0 inet static
         address 192.168.0.201
         netmask 255.255.255.0
         network 192.168.0.0
         gateway 192.168.0.1
         dns-nameservers 8.8.8.8
      
    3. Reboot your rig.
    4. 重启矿机。

    NOTE: Set the IP according to your correct IP range, outside of your DHCP range.

    提示: 设置的IP地址,应该在DHCP自动分配的范围以外,否则会产生地址冲突。


    Overclocking

    超频

    It is best to have your rig stable for 24 hours before attempting overclocks.

    最好在矿机稳定运行24小时后再尝试超频。

    1. Follow the instructions on http://ethosdistro.com/pool.txt to set overclocks globally, or for individual rigs.
    2. 按照这里面的说明 http://ethosdistro.com/pool.txt 设置全局超频,或者为矿机个别设置。
    3. After you set overclocks, you can either reboot, and the rig will take the new config and apply the new clocks automatically, or you can run putconf && ethos-overclock, and your rig will apply the overclocks during the mining session.
    4. 设置超频后,重启后超频设置会自动生效,或者运行 putconf && ethos-overclock, 让矿机在挖矿过程中应用新设置。
    5. Use show miner to watch the miner log.
    6. 查看挖矿日志: show miner

    NOTE: If your rig crashes or hangs after setting overclocks, follow the below guide:

    提示如果超频后矿机崩溃或停摆,尝试一下步骤:

    1. Reduce all overclocks to stock settings and reboot.
    2. 所有超频设置恢复到出厂数值,重启。
    3. Monitor the rig for 24 hours to make sure it does not crash again.
    4. 观察并确认矿机正常运行24小时。
    5. If required, set a less aggressive overclock and continue to monitor the rig.
    6. 可以尝试把超频设置得稍低一点,再继续观察一段时间。

    Managing Temperature

    管理温度

    If your GPUs reach near the maxgputemp, all fans will set to 100%, and all GPUs will attempt to go into a lower power state.

    如果显卡温度接近 maxgputemp, 所有风扇都将开到最大,并且所有显卡将尝试进入低功耗模式。

    If your GPUs exceed maxgputemp, all mining programs will shut down.

    如果显卡温度超过 maxgputemp, 所有挖矿程序都将停止。

    Follow the below steps to reduce the chances of your GPUs overheating:

    以下方法有助于减少显卡过热的几率:

    To reset all temperature-related conditions, you can reboot your rig or run clear-thermals

    要重置所有温度相关的设置,运行: clear-thermals


    Setting a Custom Panel ID

    自定义面板ID

    ethOS automatically assigns a 6-character panel ID based on a hash of your external IP address. This way, all rigs on one network can report to the same panel. If your public IP changes, your panel will change.

    ethOS 会根据外网IP自动计算生成一个6位字符的面板ID,同一个网络下的所有矿机共享同一个面板。如果IP地址变化,面板也就变了。

    You can run helpme to get your current ethOS stats panel link.

    运行 helpme 查看ethOS统计面板的在线链接。

    You can set your own custom Panel ID with the custompanel parameter.

    你可以使用custompanel参数来自定义面板的ID。


    Fixing Unexpected low Pool Hashrate

    修复矿池算力异常低下问题

    The pool-side reported hashrate should be completely ignored. The pool reports may report a hashrate of "0", or of just a single GPU. Please use the pool-side effective hashrate to see your true hashrate for the entire rig.

    矿池那边 报告显示的 算力基本可以无视, 矿池可能会报告0算力,或者只报告了单个显卡的算力。 需要使用矿池实际生效的 算力来评估你整个矿机的实际算力情况。

    If, after mining for 24 hours, your pool effective hashrate is unexpectedly low, follow the below guide:

    如果矿机24小时有效算力异常低下,参考以下步骤调整:

    1. Make sure that you are connecting to your pool via stratum.
      Do not use the pool config option if your node or pool is not on your local network, and make sure stratumproxy is enabled, and proxypool1 and proxypool2 are defined, as per the sample config located at http://ethosdistro.com/pool.txt.
    2. 确认是否通过stratum连接到矿池。
      如果你的节点/矿池不在本地网络,不要使用 pool 配置选项, 确认 stratumproxy 已经设置成 enabled, proxypool1proxypool2 都设置好了, 示例配置这里面都有: http://ethosdistro.com/pool.txt.
    3. Ping your pool domain and make sure there is no packet loss (example: ping us1.ethermine.org)
      If there is packet loss, use another pool server that is closer to your geographic location.
    4. 用 ping 命令确认下有没有丢包: (示例: ping us1.ethermine.org)
      如果有丢包,换一个离你所在城市近一点的服务器。
    5. Reboot your rig.
    6. 重启矿机
    7. If you still get low hashrate, and if the router that your rig is connected to is also serving wifi, turn off the wifi feature and monitor the rig performance for another 24 hours.
    8. 如果算力仍然偏低,把路由器的wifi功能关掉,再观察24小时。
    9. If the issue is resolved after disabling wifi, set up a dedicated router for your rig(s), and disable the wifi feature on the dedicated router.
    10. 如果是这个wifi服务的问题,给你的矿机单独配一个路由器,不要开启wifi功能。

    Autotrading Altcoins for Bitcoin

    另类币自动兑换成比特币

    You can autotrade your mined Altcoins directly to a Bitcoin Wallet.

    你可以将挖到的另类币自动交易换成比特币。

    1. Go to https://shapeshift.io/
    2. 访问 https://shapeshift.io/
    3. Click on the Deposit coin and select Ether (or any altcoin).
    4. 点击 Deposit(存入) ,并选择 Ether(以太币) (或者其它的另类币)。
    5. Click on the Receive coin and select Bitcoin.
    6. 点击 Receive(接收),并选择 Bitcoin(比特币)
    7. Select Quick and click Continue.
    8. 选择 Quick(快速), 点击Continue(继续)。
    9. Input your Bitcoin Address and an Altcoin Refund Address (You can make an Ether Refund Address at myetherwallet.com)
    10. 输入你的 Bitcoin Address(比特币地址)Altcoin Refund Address(另类币退款地址) (你可以用myetherwallet.com在线钱包生成一个以太币地址)。(译注:这个Refund Address应该是用于兑换交易不成功时,负责接收另类币退款用的。)
    11. Checkmark I agree to terms and click Start Transaction.
    12. 勾选 I agree to terms(同意使用条款) ,点击 Start Transaction(开始交易)
    13. You will get a permanent receiving address. This address is controlled by Shapeshift, which will autotrade all deposits to Bitcoin, and send them to your Bitcoin Address.
    14. 你会得到一个固定的接收地址。 这个地址由Shapeshift托管, 存到这个地址的以太币,会自动交易兑换成比特币,并发送到你的输入的比特币地址中。
    15. Set Shapeshift's receiving address in ethOS to mine directly to it and get Bitcoin in return.
    16. 把上面由Shapeshift托管的接收地址设置成挖矿钱包地址,挖出的以太币直接进入这个地址,Shapeshift自动将其兑换为比特币。

    Mining and Common Issues

    关于挖矿的常见问题


    Using TeamViewer with ethOS

    使用TeamVIewer进行远程控制

    1. Update ethOS.
    2. 升级ethOS
    3. Boot into ethOS locally, with a monitor attached.
    4. 矿机连上显示器,本地登录ethOS。
    5. Run the teamviewer command in the terminal.
    6. 运行终端命令: teamviewer
    7. Read and accept the EULA; when the Welcome Wagon appears, click "Close".
    8. 阅读并接受用户许可协议; 在欢迎界面上点击 "Close"(关闭)。
    9. In the TeamViewer window, click "Connection" -> "Setup Unattended Access".
    10. 在TeamViewer窗口, 点击 "Connection" -> "Setup Unattended Access"。
    11. In the Unattended Access wizard, click "Next".
      1. Do not change the computer name, and set your password (this will be your remote access password).
      2. Select "I don't want to create a TeamViewer account now", then click "Next".
    12. 在 Unattended Access 引导界面, 点击 "Next".
      1. 不要变更计算机名称, 但可以设置密码 (这个密码将作为远程登录的密码)。
      2. 选择 "I don't want to create a TeamViewer account now", 点击 "Next"。
    13. Click "Finish" to complete the wizard, and save your Connection Id Number.
    14. 点击 "Finish" 完成引导, 保存你的 Connection Id Number。
    15. Download and install "TeamViewer for Remote Control" for your PC, Tablet, or Phone, and start the application there.
    16. 在PC/平板/手机上下载并安装 "TeamViewer for Remote Control",并启动。
    17. Enter the TeamViewer ID Number that you saved earlier, then press "Remote Control".
    18. 输入前面保存的 Connection Id Number, 按下 "Remote Control"。
    19. Enter the password that you set earlier, and press "OK".
    20. 输入前面设置的密码, 按下 "OK"。




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